Links to Urban Health Information - Below are links, by date, to selected full-text reports on urban health. This page will continue to be updated with links to new reports and studies on urban health issues.
- New Additions
- 2007. USAID Municipality, Concern Worldwide Bangladesh Municipal Health Partnership Program: Mid-Term Evaluation Report (pdf, 414KB) The Mid-Term Review team found that the MHPP had made significant
progress on two fronts. First, the project had built the structure and
the capacity at the municipal and ward levels, despite a difficult
political environment. Concern Worldwide Bangladesh and US have proven
that the urban health model they developed in cooperation with the
selected municipalities of Rajshahi Division can be expanded
dramatically (six fold) and still produce impressive results.
- Urban Health Bulletins
- Urban Health Bulletin - Mar/Apr 2009 (pdf, 100KB) - Abstracts of 19 studies.
- Urban Health Bulletin - Jan/Feb 2009 (pdf, 96KB)
- Urban Health Bulletin - Nov/Dec 2008 (pdf, 125KB) - Abstracts of 11 urban health studies.
- Urban Health Bulletin - Sept/Oct 2008 (pdf, 137KB) - Abstracts of 28 urban health studies.
- Urban Health Bulletin - July/August 2008 (pdf, 81KB) - Summaries of 5 presentations at the Sustainable City Workshop during World Water Week 2008.
- Urban Health Bulletin - May/June 2008 (pdf, 88KB) - Abstracts on urban malaria, chagas disease, etc.
- Urban Health Bulletin - Mar/Apr 2008 (pdf,88KB) - Abstracts of 16 studies from Kenya, India, and others.
- Urban Health Bulletin - Jan/Feb 2008 (pdf, 88KB) - Abstracts of 16 recently pblished studies.
- Urban Health Bulletin - Nov/Dec 2007 - Abstracts of 13 recently published articles.
- Urban Health Bulletin - Sept/Oct 2007 - 25+ recently published studies and reports on a range of urban health issues.
- Urban Health Bulletin: August 2007 (pdf, ful-text) - Citations and abstracts of 18 recently published urban health studies.
- November/December 2007 - Abstracts of 13 recently published articles.
- June 2007 (pdf, ful-text) - Links to urban health websites, research reports and recently published journal articles.
- April 2007 (pdf, full-text) - Links to 2 USAID sponsored studies and abstracts of 8 other recently published urban health studies.
Summaries of Program Experience
- 2007. Barriers to Immunization among Women and Children Living in Slums in Zone 3 of Dhaka City, Bangladesh: A Qualitative Assessment (pdf, full-text). H. Perry, et al. ICDDRB.
This study attempted to understand the reasons that extremely poor
people do not obtain immunizations. According to the respondents, the major barrier to obtaining
immunizations was the fees—both official and unofficial—that clients were required to
pay. Other major barriers included loss of immunization card (making mothers reluctant
to go for immunizations because of a fear that the vaccinator would be upset with them),
fear of side-effects, and the long-waiting time. The findings suggest that extremely poor
mothers and children should be able to obtain immunizations free of charge.
- 2004. Improving the Health of the Urban Poor: Learning from USAID Experience. EHP.
- 2004. "Making Cities Work" The Greater Cairo Healthy Neighborhood Program. An Urban Environmental Health Initiative in Egypt. EHP.
- 2004. Technical Assistance to the Government of India for Urban Health Planning and National Guidelines. EHP.
- 1999. Summary of EHP Activities in Kitwe, Zambia, 1997-1999: Kitwe Urban Health Programs. EHP.
- Situational Analyses
- 2007. Our cities, our health, our future: acting on social determinants for health equity in urban settings, (pdf, full-text). T. Kjellstrom. WHO Kobe Centre. This report summarizes the findings concerning structural and intermediate social determinants of
health that are of importance in the urban setting. One example of the health inequalities in these
circumstances is the strong gradient in infant and child mortality rates within Nairobi, Kenya, with rates in the
slums more than three times higher than the city average and possibly ten or more times higher in the richer
parts of the city. Other data from Africa shows that these mortality rates among the urban poor are, on
average, almost as high as the rates among the rural poor, while among the richer urban groups the rates are
- 2004. Situational Analysis for Guiding USAID/India and EHP/India Technical Assistance Efforts in Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India. EHP.
- 2004. Cairo Healthy Neighborhood Program: Situation Analysis with Literature Review and Stakeholder Meetings, ANE Urban Health Initiative and USAID/Egypt/PHN. EHP.
- 2002. Health of Children Living in Urban Slums in Asia and the Near East: Review of Existing Literature and Data. EHP.
- 2002. Ghana Urban Health Assessment. EHP.
- Community Involvement Approaches
- 2004. Participatory Community Health Enquiry and Planning in Selected Urban Slums of Indore, Madhya Pradesh and A Field Guide for Community Facilitators of PCHEP. EHP.
- 1998. Community-Based Approaches for Environmental Health in Secondary Cities in West Africa and the Scale-Up Process; Proceedings of a workshop held in Cotonou, Benin, May 18-20, 1998. EHP.
- 1996. Beyond Participation: Locally Based Demand for Environmental Health in Peri-Urban Areas. EHP. 1996. Addressing Environmental Health Issues in the Peri-Urban Context: Lessons Learned from CIMEP Tunisia. EHP.
- Urban Water and Sanitation
- 2007. Rights of water connections for urban slum dwellers in Bangladesh, (pdf, full-text). WaterAid. The water delivery model developed by DSK in Dhaka proved to the city authorities that when they are willing to pay, informal communities can be capable and responsible managers of essential services as well as reliable clients for the relevant service providers. For DWASA, this represents an effective system for regularization of illegal connections as well as increasing their revenue. Moreover, equity in terms of supply to the urban poor can be viewed as politically rewarding for those local government officials who have been supporting the programme. Since the inception of the project in 1996, DWASA became increasingly confident in extending its service facilities to slums and squats. 88 water points have been established in 70 slum areas, benefiting more than 200,000 people.
- 2003. Urban Environmental Health Strategies, Three Community-based Environmental Sanitation and Hygiene Projects Conducted in the Democratic Republic of Congo. EHP.
- 2001. Urban Environmental Health Pilot Activities Evaluation of Progress and Lessons Learned USAID/Democratic Republic of Congo. EHP.
1993. Constraints in Providing Water and Sanitation Services to the Urban Poor. EHP.
- 1993. The Unique Challenges of Improving Peri-Urban Sanitation. EHP.
- 1992. Maximizing the economic impact of urban water supply and sanitation investments.EHP.
- Urban Malaria, Vector-borne Disease Control
- 1999. Malaria in Urban and Peri-Urban Areas in Sub-Saharan Africa. EHP.