USAID Sponsored Environmental Health Reports

  • USAID Sponsored Reports
  • Environmental Health Project (EHP Reports
  • Water and Sanitation for Health (WASH)

Below are links to selected environmental health reports and other studies sponsored by USAID. Women carrying water in Benin

New Additions

  • USAID - Changing Glaciers and Hydrology in Asia: Addressing Vulnerabilities to Glacier Melt Impacts, 2010. (pdf, 2.97MB)
    • Report Appendices (Main Database, Summary by Region, Summary by Theme) (Microsoft Excel, xls file)
  • Senator Paul Simon Water for the Poor 2010 Report to Congress (pdf, 1.3MB) - describes U.S. efforts to expand access to safe drinking water and sanitation, improve water resources management and increase water productivity in developing countries. Key Results: In FY 2009, the United States (primarily through USAID and the Millennium Challenge Corporation) invested about $774 million for all water sector and sanitation-related activities in 62 developing countries.

  • USAID Global Development Alliance. (2010). Safe Drinking Water Alliance: Experiences in Haiti, Ethiopia, and Pakistan; Lessons for future water treatment programs. (pdf, 1.51MB).
    To address some of the challenges created by lack of access to safe water, in 2004, the United States Agency for International Development’s (USAID) Global Development Alliance (GDA) brought together Johns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs (CCP), Population Services International (PSI), CARE USA, and Procter& Gamble (P&G) to create the Safe Drinking Water Alliance (SDWA). The general goal of the Alliance was to test three marketing models to increase demand for water treatment and to identify the potential of P&G’s PUR in each model as an alternative POU technology.

  • Safeguarding the World’s Water: 2008 Report on USAID Water Sector Activities, December 2009. (pdf, 9MB). USAID’s total investments in all aspects of the water sector reached almost $490 million in 2008. USAID provided more than 7 million people with improved water supply, more than 4 million of whom received first-time access to an improved water source.

  • Senator Paul Simon Water for the Poor Act - June 2009 (pdf, 2.4MB). U.S. State Dept/USAID. This report is required by the Senator Paul Simon Water for the Poor Act of 2005. The Act makes the provision of safe water and sanitation services in developing countries a component of U.S. foreign assistance. It requires the Secretary of State, in consultation with USAID, to develop and implement a strategy to support this goal within the context of sound water resource management.

Indoor Air Pollution/Energy

  • Evaluation of Manufactured Wood Stoves in Dadaab Refugee Camps, Kenya. (pdf,6.86MB)
    Feb. 2010. Berkeley Air Monitoring Group (Berkeley Air) - The purpose of this study was to obtain information on the potential suitability of a new generation of manufactured biomass cooking stoves for refugee and Internally Displaced Person (IDP) environments as well as disaster relief situations. Berkeley Air Monitoring Group (Berkeley Air) was asked to combine rigorous quantitative stove performance testing using the Controlled Cooking Test protocol with as much qualitative assessment of the acceptability and usability of each stove as feasible during a time-limited visit to a refugee camp designated by USAID. At USAID’s request, UNHCR agreed to host and facilitate the stove performance testing at the Dadaab refugee camp, located in northeastern Kenya.

  • USAID; Winrock. December 2008. Peru Healthy Kitchen/Healthy Stove Pilot Project. (pdf, 2.30MB)
    The energy team of the USAID Bureau for Economic Growth, Agriculture, and Trade and the environmental health team of the Bureau for Global Health jointly supported the “Healthy Kitchen/Healthy Stove”3 pilot project. The project developed a unique model for the manufacture and distribution of improved wood stoves among poor rural indigenous communities; creating local organizational capacity for raising awareness about the health risks of indoor smoke among the families of 33 communities; producing and supplying the wood stove technology; and enabling widespread community access through an innovative finance scheme.


USAID Initial Environmental Examinations

Water/Sanitation/Hygiene (by publication date)

Environmental Health Project (EHP) Reports

Topic Index

Cholera Prevention

Community Involvement Approaches

Decentralization of Water/Sanitation Services

Disaster/Emergency Situations

Hygiene Improvement/Diarrhea Prevention

Indicators for Environmental Health

Indoor Air Pollution

Lead/Industrial Pollution

Population, Environment and Health Linkages


Urban Health/Urban Poor

Water Supply and Sanitation

Malaria/Dengue, Vector-borne Diseases


Cholera Prevention
Community Involvement Approaches
Decentralization of Water/Sanitation Services
Disaster/Emergency Relief Situations
Hygiene Improvement/Diarrhea Prevention
Indoor Air Pollution
Lead/Industrial Pollution
Population, Health and Environment Linkages
Urban Health/Urban Poor
Water Supply and Sanitation

Malaria/Dengue/ Vector-borne Disease Control



Water and Sanitation for Heath (WASH) Project

The Water and Sanitation for Health Project (WASH) preceded the Environmental Health Project (EHP) and published more than 500 reports from 1980 to 1994. WASH Technical Reports are manuals or guidelines and WASH Field Reports are usually country or region specific.

There is also a search feature for EHP and WASH Reports by Country. Full-text documents are in pdf format and the Adobe Reader can be downloaded free of charge.

WASH Reports - Technical Reports/Lessons Learned

WASH Field Reports by Country/Region


1991. Principles of tariff design for water and wastewater services, field report 348. (pdf, 1109 KB)

1990. Programming guide for guinea worm eradication, field report 329. (pdf, 3539 KB)

1988. Guidelines for conducting willingness-to-pay studies for improved water services in developing countries, field report 306. (pdf, 3672 KB)


1994. Senegal River Basin health master plan study, field report 453. (pdf, 8823 KB)

1993. Comparison of the health effects of water supply and sanitation in urban and rural areas of five African countries, field report 398. (pdf, 2893KB)

1989. Strategy recommendations for water supply and sanitation in Africa, field report 290. (pdf, 1694KB)

Developing sustainable community water supply systems: key questions for African Development Foundation applicants, field report 270. (pdf, 1558KB)

1989. Water and sanitation sector profiles of twenty African countries. (pdf, 10414 KB)

Asia/Near East

1989. Rural water supply, sanitation, and environmental issues in Asia and the Near East (ANE), field report 282. (pdf, 2592KB)

Eastern Europe

1993. Water quality pre-investment studies in four Danube River tributary basins: summary report, field report 407. (pdf, 4399KB)


1993. Environmental health assessment : a case study conducted in the City of Quito and the country of Pedro Moncayo, Pichincha Province, Ecuador, field report 401. (pdf, 4,526 KB)


1991. Comparison of the health effects of water supply and sanitation in urban and rural Guatemala, field report 352. (pdf, 1879 KB)


1992. Management analysis and privatization options of the National Water Commission, Jamaica, field report 361. (pdf, 3953KB)


1988. Water and wastewater sector assessment in Jordan, field report 244. (pdf, 4184KB)

1982. Proposed action plan for a national training program in the water sector for the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, field report 34. (pdf, 2893KB)


1982. Environmental sanitation master plan for training and education in Tanzania, field report 58. (pdf, 4370KB)


1990. Action plan: development of the national strategy to create and monitor water user associations in Tunisia, field report 300. (pdf, 2811 KB) -

1990. Re-examination of costs and benefits of rural water supply projects in Central Tunisia, field report 298. (pdf, 2489 K



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