Below are links to selected environmental health reports and other studies sponsored by USAID.
- USAID – Changing Glaciers and Hydrology in Asia: Addressing Vulnerabilities to Glacier Melt Impacts, 2010. (pdf, 2.97MB)
- Report Appendices (Main Database, Summary by Region, Summary by Theme) (Microsoft Excel, xls file)
- Senator Paul Simon Water for the Poor 2010 Report to Congress (pdf, 1.3MB) – describes U.S. efforts to expand access to safe drinking water and sanitation, improve water resources management and increase water productivity in developing countries. Key Results: In FY 2009, the United States (primarily through USAID and the Millennium Challenge Corporation) invested about $774 million for all water sector and sanitation-related activities in 62 developing countries.
- USAID Global Development Alliance. (2010). Safe Drinking Water Alliance: Experiences in Haiti, Ethiopia, and Pakistan; Lessons for future water treatment programs. (pdf, 1.51MB).
To address some of the challenges created by lack of access to safe water, in 2004, the United States Agency for International Development’s (USAID) Global Development Alliance (GDA) brought together Johns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs (CCP), Population Services International (PSI), CARE USA, and Procter& Gamble (P&G) to create the Safe Drinking Water Alliance (SDWA). The general goal of the Alliance was to test three marketing models to increase demand for water treatment and to identify the potential of P&G’s PUR in each model as an alternative POU technology.
- Safeguarding the World’s Water: 2008 Report on USAID Water Sector Activities, December 2009. (pdf, 9MB). USAID’s total investments in all aspects of the water sector reached almost $490 million in 2008. USAID provided more than 7 million people with improved water supply, more than 4 million of whom received first-time access to an improved water source.
- Senator Paul Simon Water for the Poor Act – June 2009 (pdf, 2.4MB). U.S. State Dept/USAID. This report is required by the Senator Paul Simon Water for the Poor Act of 2005. The Act makes the provision of safe water and sanitation services in developing countries a component of U.S. foreign assistance. It requires the Secretary of State, in consultation with USAID, to develop and implement a strategy to support this goal within the context of sound water resource management.
Indoor Air Pollution/Energy
- Evaluation of Manufactured Wood Stoves in Dadaab Refugee Camps, Kenya. (pdf,6.86MB)
Feb. 2010. Berkeley Air Monitoring Group (Berkeley Air) – The purpose of this study was to obtain information on the potential suitability of a new generation of manufactured biomass cooking stoves for refugee and Internally Displaced Person (IDP) environments as well as disaster relief situations. Berkeley Air Monitoring Group (Berkeley Air) was asked to combine rigorous quantitative stove performance testing using the Controlled Cooking Test protocol with as much qualitative assessment of the acceptability and usability of each stove as feasible during a time-limited visit to a refugee camp designated by USAID. At USAID’s request, UNHCR agreed to host and facilitate the stove performance testing at the Dadaab refugee camp, located in northeastern Kenya.
- USAID; Winrock. December 2008. Peru Healthy Kitchen/Healthy Stove Pilot Project. (pdf, 2.30MB)
The energy team of the USAID Bureau for Economic Growth, Agriculture, and Trade and the environmental health team of the Bureau for Global Health jointly supported the “Healthy Kitchen/Healthy Stove”3 pilot project. The project developed a unique model for the manufacture and distribution of improved wood stoves among poor rural indigenous communities; creating local organizational capacity for raising awareness about the health risks of indoor smoke among the families of 33 communities; producing and supplying the wood stove technology; and enabling widespread community access through an innovative finance scheme.
- Healthy People in a Healthy Environment: Impact of an Integrated Population, Health, and Environment Program in Madagascar (pdf, full-text). USAID, 2005. (executive summary, pdf)
- Nepal natural resource user groups/population, health and environment assessment: final report (pdf, 2MB). Environmental Health IQC, 2006. This report presents the results of an assessment of the community forestry and buffer zone components of the USAID/Nepal-funded Strengthening Actions for Good Governance and Utilization of Natural Resources (SAGUN) Project within the context of the overall body of experience in user group management gained over the past quarter century.
- PHE Website – Links to key manuals, case studies, research reports, etc.
USAID Initial Environmental Examinations
- Environmental Assessment for IRS Using Bendiocarb, DDT and Lambda- Cyhalothrin for Malaria Control in Mozambique IRS. (pdf, 1.03MB). 2007. USAID/Mozambique. As part of a new malaria control program under the PMI, USAID proposes to implement an Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) program in Mozambique from September/October through November using dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane (DDT) for malaria vector control. Mozambique is characterized by perennial malaria transmission, and IRS would be used reduce malaria incidence in the seasons of highest transmission.
- Integrated vector management programs for malaria vector control: programmatic environmental assessment (pdf, 2.5MB). Research Triangle Institute, January 2007. The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Office of Global Health contracted RTI International to conduct a Programmatic Environmental Assessment (PEA) to serve as an umbrella evaluation of environmental and human health issues related to malaria vector control and to assist with the preparation of country and activity-specific Supplemental Environmental Assessments (SEAs) for malaria vector control programs. This PEA provides USAID project managers with the policy, procedural, and technical guidelines to choose appropriate interventions and insecticides and develop and implement mitigation and monitoring and evaluation activities.
- Malaria communities program (MCP): initial environmental examination (pdf, full-text). 2007.
- Monitoring and evaluation to assess and use results (MEASURE) initial environmental examination (pdf, full-text). 2006.
Water/Sanitation/Hygiene (by publication date)
- Senator Paul Simon Water for the Poor Act – June 2009 (pdf, 2.4MB). This report reflects the input of more than 14 U.S. Government Agencies and Departments and complements work by other U S Government agencies to address international water and sanitation issues.
- USAID Indonesia. 2009. Support on Water and Sanitation Sector Analysis and Program, 2009 – 2014. (pdf, 630KB) – The purpose of this report is to provide input for the water and sanitation portion of that strategy, including a proposed set of programmatic technical assistance activities that could constitute a USAID Water and Sanitation portfolio for the next five year period (2009-2014).
- USAID. 2009. Donor/public sector roles in financing hygiene improvement. (pdf, 171KB) Presentation by John Wasielewski, Director, USAID Office of Development Credit at World Bank/Water and Sanitation Program, Feb. 11, 2009.
- USAID. 2007. Investments in Drinking Water Supply Projects and Related Water Resources Projects: Report to Congress. The latest USAID report to Congress that provides funding and other information about USAID supported water/sanitation projects.
- USAID POUZN. 2007. March 2007. Best Practices in Social Marketing Safe Water Solution for Household Water Treatment: Lessons Learned from Population Services International Field Programs (pdf, fill-text). The Social Marketing Plus for Diarrheal Disease Control: Point-of-Use Water Disinfection and Zinc Treatment (POUZN) Project. Abt Associates Inc., Bethesda, MD. This paper synthesizes lessons learned, best practices, successes and challenges of social marketing safe water solution, and discusses how these lessons may be applied to planning safe water treatment programs around the globe.
- USAID. 2007. Investments in Drinking Water Supply Projects and Related Resources Activities: Report to Congress, Fiscal Year 2006 (pdf, full-text) USAID, May 2007. In FY 2006, USAID exceeded both the worldwide and the Africa directives, obligating $203 million worldwide for drinking water supply projects and related activities, and obligating more than $81 million for drinking water activities in Africa.
- USAID Dominican Republic. April 2006. Evaluation of USAID strategy to increase potable water access and sanitation in rural areas: Dominican Republic (pdf, 1.8MB). Research Triangle Institute, April 2006. The purpose of this assessment was to conduct an external evaluation of USAID’s strategy and approach to increase access to potable water in the rural areas over the past five years. It is expected that this evaluation will help USAID/DR identify lessons learned from the implementation of the Total Community Participation (TCP) model in the rural areas and an assessment of its viability as a national strategy. The evaluation team has identified recommendations based on these findings that will assist USAID’s decision on future participation in the sector.
- USAID Honduras. 2006. Evaluacion del programa de agua y saneamiento rural de USAID/Honduras 1999 al presente (pdf, 1.12MB). This report, in Spanish, is an evaluation of USAID/Hondura’s Rural Water and Sanitation Program since 1999. The program constructed 353 rural water systems that provide water to 134,160 people and also constructed 11,109 latrines that provide sanitation services to 68, 970 people.
- USAID OFDA. 2006. Zimbabwe emergency water and sanitation program baseline survey report, December 2005-May 2006 (pdf, 86KB). The OFDA Water and Sanitation baseline survey was carried out in Mangwe, Gwanda, and Beitbridge districts of Matabeleland South. The objective of the survey was to gather baseline data needed to assess the impact of the program in improving access to clean & safe water and sanitation facilities. A total of 956 households were interviewed.
- USAID; Catholic Relief Services. 2005. Guidelines for the development od small-scale rural water supply and sanitation projects in East Africa: a policy and planning framework for activities funded by USAID under the Title II (Food for Peace Program. Baltimore, MD. Catholic Relief Services and USAID.
- USAID; EPA. 2004. Guidelines for water reuse (pdf, 7.59MB). This document was produced by Camp Dresser & McKee, Inc. under a cooperative research and development agreement with the US Environmental Protection Agency.
- USAID.; PAHO. 1995. Methodological guidelines for sectoral analysis in water supply and sanitation: preliminary version (pdf, full-text). Washington DC: PAHO. These guidelines were developed for the purpose of constituting a framework for sector studies on water supply and sanitation. The studies will be conducted at the country level, with national participation. The guidelines will make it possible to analyze the various areas within a country using similar criteria and presentation in the general sections while permitting specificity in other aspects that are peculiar to the country.
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